This week and next we will be giving to the Philippines typhoon appeal via tearfund. Below is some FAQs from tearfunds site about the typhoon.
How serious was the Typhoon?
Typhoon Haiyan was 300 miles wide when it struck the Philippines on the November 8, and one of the most intense tropical storms to ever make landfall anywhere in the world. It brought torrential rain, sustained winds of over 195mph and a storm surge up to 30 metres high that devastated coastal areas.
How many people were affected or killed?
The revised government estimated for the number of people who lost their lives is 2,500. Over 11 million people have been affected in nine regions across the Philippines. Of these, over 670,000 people have been forced from their homes.
What is the damage to buildings and infrastructure?
The homes of hundreds of thousands of people have been destroyed or severely damaged. The city of Tacloban has been almost completely destroyed and officials in Daanbantayan (the northern tip of island of Cebu) said 98% of houses and structures were damaged. Roads and bridges have been destroyed, damaged or obstructed by debris.
What is Tearfund doing?
Tearfund is working through its partners and to provide immediate assistance to those affected by Typhoon Haiyan. Tearfund will continue to work with affected communities to rebuild their lives. Immediate priorities are provision of food, safe water and shelter.
How many people currently need food?
2.5 million people need food. Some food supplies are beginning to get through but reserve resources have been overstretched by recent crises, such as the earthquake that shook Bohol In October this year. Blocked and damaged roads are also hampering the delivery of food to affected people.
People’s normal access to food has been severely damaged – many rice storage buildings have been ruined meaning people’s normal reserves have gone. Business routes from farm to market are blocked, damaged and not operational.
Is there a danger from infectious diseases?
Yes. Water and sanitation systems have been damaged by the typhoon and are non-operational in many areas and some ground water supplies are contaminated. Hospitals have been having to use rain water as the cleanest source available. High temperatures and dirty standing water mean the risk of waterborne diseases is high.
Making sure people have access to clean water and sanitation is critical. Agencies are working to distribute hygiene kits and clean drinking water, and establish hygienic latrines to prevent human sewage from contaminating water sources.
How is the response being coordinated?
The Philippines government has a great deal of experience dealing with the effects of storms but the devastation caused by typhoon Haiyan has been unprecedented. The government is working together with UN agencies and UK DEC members, including Tearfund, to coordinate getting assistance to those who need it the most.
For more information on the Typhoon and Tearfunds response click here